Pain relief

Pain relief

What is pain relief?

Traditional painkillers are divided into proper anaesthetics (analgesics) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (drugs of the “aspirin” series).

Analgesics, in turn, are of two types. Some suppress pain directly in the place of their manifestation, interfering with the signal of pain to enter the brain. Most often, these drugs are used to relieve muscle, tooth, skin pain, and pain in bones and joints. They are also calledanaesthetics. Other drugs eliminate this symptom through the brain, blocking the transmission of pain signals between brain cells and preventing the sensation of pain from arising. These are narcotic analgesics – artificial opiates. They are usually used to suppress unbearable pain (for example, in cancer). These include all drugs containing morphine, codeine, and similar substances. Narcotic analgesics are addictive. Therefore, they are sold in pharmacies only by prescription. However, it is possible to fall into dependence on simple analgesics, if you constantly take them.

In addition, analgesics and medicines of the “aspirin” series can depress the kidneys and the hematopoietic system, and cause stomach bleeding. According to the results of studies conducted in the United States, regular use of painkillers is unsafe for the elderly, as it increases the risk of developing hypertension.

In western countries, their traditions. There, aspirin was a favourite painkiller for a long time (the active ingredient is acetylsalicylic acid). In America, its popularity is still high: US citizens consume up to 40 billion of these pills annually. However, aspirin is not perfect. Therefore, it is dangerous to take it with high blood pressure and blood clotting disorders, with stomach problems and allergies. Do not give aspirin to children under 12 years old.

Paracetamol is more preferred. It is considered a little less effective, but much better tolerated painkillers. Indeed, paracetamol is not so irritating to the stomach, but with prolonged and frequent use it is harmful to the liver and kidneys, and overdosing it is also dangerous.

Some manufacturers of painkillers are trying to increase the attractiveness of their products through the creation of combination drugs. However, independent experts believe that such “mixtures” not only do not give any advantage and cost more, but can also cause harm. Therefore, in a number of countries, combined analgesics are no longer in use.

The best way to deal with pain is to eliminate its cause. Any, even the best painkiller, only dulls or eliminates the symptoms of pain, but does not affect the cause of its occurrence. Therefore, it is better to take painkillers only when the cause of the pain cannot be eliminated. Taking these drugs should be considered as an emergency measure of the effects on the body, and not as a daily method. It is important to remember that there is no single cure for all types of pain. It makes no sense to drink analgesics for heart pain or cramps in the abdomen. And as a means of migraine, these drugs are not only useless, but also harmful. For toothache, an analgesic can help, but only for the short time it takes to wait to see the dentist. Just do not put a pill on the tooth – it will not give anything, except for possible inflammation of the gums. When pain is associated with edema, antihistamines will come to the rescue, and for acute pains of a spasmodic nature, antispasmodics will help.

To relieve pain symptoms, medications are not necessarily needed. For example, the pain of a small burn will ease the cold, heat stress or massage will help with muscle pain, and an alkaline mixture can alleviate the discomfort associated with a peptic ulcer. Acupuncture or nerve electrostimulation, auto-training, self-hypnosis are effective against some types of pain. On the other hand, even a simple kind word, or a gentle touch. According to one scientific study, 35% of patients suffering from various types of pain experienced relief by receiving placebo instead of medication.